Grantor vs Grantee in Real Estate
The UHS Team
Nov 11, 2022
The relationship of a grantor and grantee in real estate is a fairly straightforward one. That said, there are a few things to know about the process that brings these two parties together. So, grantor vs grantee: what’s the difference, how do these two titles function, and what else do you need to know about selling your home this way?
Grantor vs Grantee
What Is a Grantor?
Let’s say you have a home you want to sell. When you find a buyer, you may enter into an agreement with that person. When you sign over the deed to this buyer, you become a “grantor.”
In short, a grantor in real estate is a person who sells and hands over the deed of a property to another party.
What Is a Grantee?
Your buyer, on the other hand, will act as the “grantee” in the scenario above. All this means is that they are legally purchasing the deed from you, the grantor.
Other Important Documents and Facts
While the basic relationship between grantor and grantee may be simple, there are a few other especially important items to be aware of. These are the property deed, property title, and deed of trust. Each will come into play during the process of buying a home (grantee) or selling a home (grantor).
Your property deed is the piece of paper that proves your ownership of a property. It exists as a physical document that you can show to a judge, future buyer, or anyone else. A legally binding property deed must include the following (Investopedia):
- Name of buyer
- Name of seller
- Property description
- Signature of transferring owner
Similar to a deed, the property title is transferred to the grantee who closes on a home previously owned by another party. Title represents an understanding of ownership and the rights that this entails. A title can be held in part or in full. It can be held by a single owner or multiple parties.
What’s the Difference Between a Property Deed and Title?
The deed and title may sound like they serve suspiciously similar purposes. However, there’s an important distinction between title and deed. While the deed is a tangible document that you can hold in your hand, a property title is better described as a concept. As Atlantic Bay Mortgage Group puts it, “A title is the legal right to use and modify the property how you see fit, or transfer interest or any portion that you own to others via a deed.”
Deed of Trust
When using a deed of trust, both parties will agree to transfer the property title to a third party until the grantee has fully paid the loan amount. This third party is known as a “trustee,” and they must act impartially in the arrangement.
Deed of Trust vs Mortgage: What’s the Difference?
A deed of trust is similar to a typical mortgage, but it isn’t exactly the same. When it comes to a deed of trust in a grantor and grantee settlement, there’s a third party. Mortgages don’t require this.
With a deed of trust, both grantor and grantee agree to place the property in the hands of an impartial third party until the loan is paid in full.
Can I Sell With an Active Mortgage or Deed of Trust?
Some homeowners worry they won’t be able to sell a home while they’re still making payments on it, but it’s actually very possible to sell a home with an active mortgage. This is also the case with a deed of trust. In fact, when it comes to your home in general, there’s always a way to transfer ownership.
Need to Talk to a Grantee?
With a clearer understanding of the terminology behind the grantor vs grantee relationship, you may be curious about next steps in the selling process. Upward Home Solutions has been serving communities and revitalizing neighborhoods around Central Ohio since 2015. If you’re curious about selling your home, give us a call! We look forward to speaking with you.
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